Determination of integral antioxidants capacity in Syrian hawthorn fruits and flowers using photochemiluminescence assay

GHADIR ZAYZAFOON, ADNAN ODEH, MAZEN IBRAHIM, ABDUL WAHABALLAF

Abstract

Syrian flora is very well known of its diversity and richness. It contains a large number of medicinal and aromatic species. There are many different hawthorn Crataegus: sinaica, aronia, monogyna and azorolus available in Syria which is mainly located in the western and southern part of the country. Most of these Syrian species are used in folk and in traditional medical care. They are taken in the form of herbal tea to contradict cough, flu and cold. There is no any scientific information available on the antioxidant properties of Syrian hawthorn medicinal plant. Therefore, the assessment of such properties remains an interesting and useful task, particularly for finding a new natural source of antioxidants available in Syria. Therefore, the integral antioxidants, IA of Syrian hawthorn fruits and flowers in five different sites as ascorbic acid equivalents have been carried out using photochemiluminescence, PCL assay of measurements for the first time. By means of a PCL assay, it was possible to assess the integral antioxidant (IA ) using this accurate and simple method, the highest antioxidant capacity values of hawthorn as ascorbic acid equivalents were found in the fruits of Bi’r Al-ajam and Al-Haffa sites which have values of 1444.82 and 483.44 (nmol/g), for C. monogyna and C. aronia cataegus, respectively. The highest fractions of antioxidant components are mainly due to the existence of catechin and flavonoids in both Syrian hawthorn fruit and flowers. Other chemical constituents like elemicin, sorbistat, polygalitol and homocatechol are found in Syrian hawthorn fruit and flowers. The measured values are considered to be the highest among countries of the region. Key words: antioxidant capacity, ascorbic acid equivalents, photochemiluminescence, hawthorn Crataegus sinaica, Crataegus aronia, Crataegus monogyna, Crataegus azorolus, medicinal plants
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